However, demand for forest products is changing and nowadays the Swedish forests face many different pressures. On one hand, the forest industry must supply timber that is used to produce sawn wood, pulp and paper, as well as the raw materials for energy production (wood pellets). On the other hand, forests are increasingly seen as providing a range of important non-provisioning ecosystem services, such as carbon sequestration, biodiversity habitat, water regulation and space for recreation, hunting, indigenous Sami reindeer herding and tourism. Combining these multiple uses is a challenge and it means the Swedish forest sector must adapt to a new era and at the same time respect different values people hold and products and services supplied by the Swedish forests. A more sustainable use of the forests and forest resources is essential to achieve a more sustainable society.